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A Rundown of The Types of Vascular Disease

Category : diseases

The vascular system makes up the body's group of blood vessels which includes arteries, veins, and capillaries that serve as the blood's passageway to and from the heart. It is possible for a person to acquire a certain type of vascular disease. In such case, his arteries harden and become stiff as plaques form within the walls and therefore block the blood flow. Worse, as the plaque develops, this will not only deteriorate the blood vessels but can also result to their rupture and result to internal bleeding.Problems of the vascular system are quite common and can lead to serious conditions. With the fatty deposits limiting the blood flow, the tissues, muscles, or organs needing blood will have an insufficient supply. This will cause them to function improperly and be damaged. More bad news for the individual, such disorder can result to his death as congested vessels can leave his heart or brain with inadequate blood supply.Vascular problems can affect the arteries, veins, and lymph vessels. They can also include blood disorders that involve circulation. Below is a rundown of conditions or diseases of the vascular system.Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)According to World Health Organization (WHO), CVD is the number one cause of deaths globally.

In 2008, this group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels accounted for 30% of deaths worldwide.Here are some of the most common forms of CVDCoronary heart disease - when there is a problem in the vessels carrying blood to the heart's muscle Peripheral arterial disease - the blood vessels going to the arms and legs are the ones affected* Cerebrovascular disease - the vessels delivering blood to the brain are narrowed and blockedSuch occurrences of blockage usually result to heart attacks and stroke specially if the plaque developed on the walls of the vessels serving as passageway for the blood to get to the heart and brain. Similarly, strokes can also be a result of blood clots and internal bleeding in the brain.Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)PAD is also one of the most common problems of the circulatory system.

Likely, it is a type of vascular disease wherein the arteries supplying blood to the limbs become narrowed and therefore unable to deliver ample amount of blood supply to tissues particularly those in the legs. This condition can cause cramps and leg pain. It becomes noticeable when one sees a change in skin color and sores in the legs. The presence of PAD may also mean the presence of atherosclerosis somewhere else in the body.AneurysmStill, another problem of the arteries, aneurysm is the abnormal widening or ballooning of the aortal wall due to plaque build up too. Such disease often occurs in the aorta --- aortic aneurysm. There are two type of AA: thoracic and abdominal.Renal Artery DiseaseThis form of vascular disease occurs in the arteries supplying blood to the kidneys. Fatty and cholesterol deposits narrow the renal arteries and can result to stenoses or obstructions that can result to congestive heart failure and kidney failure. This condition is common among the younger part of the population.

Urinary Tract Infection – Symptoms You Need To Be Careful About

Category : infected

Urinary tract is one among the most sensitive parts of the human body. To second the respiratory infections for affecting vital organs like kidneys, urethra, urinary tract plays an important role in the proper functioning of the human body. A urinary tract is a tiny tube that helps in letting out the urine from the bladder. In an ideal construct of the human body, both the genders have a pair of kidneys placed in their lower abdominal region. Kidneys play a major role in releasing the waste and infections agents from the human body that reside in the form of urine. Not only this, kidneys are even responsible for normalizing the blood sugar level or blood pressure of the body. In normal functioning of the body, usually a sensation is sent to the urinary bladder once it is full with urine.Urinary tract infections in most cases are seen to affect adults and children. In most cases of adults, women happen to fall more into the category of the affected lot.

The very reason for this is that men have a shorter urinary tract in comparison to their female counterparts. The two major conditions that lead to the urinary tract infection are, first when the bacteria affects the upper part of the urinary tract and second being when the bacteria affects the lower part of the urinary tract. When the upper part of the urinary tract is affected, a life threatening situation of either a kidney failure or kidney infection are more likely to take place. Whereas, in case the lower part of the urinary tract is infected, it may result in chances of bladder damage.A few symptoms to warn you of a urinary tract infectionThe most evitable signs of a urinary tract infection are fever at quite regular intervals.

Besides this, some of the most common reasons that might hint you of a urinary tract infection are nausea feeling or chills during daytime, problems in the menstrual system of female and urine pressure. Besides all the above-mentioned symptoms, in some cases of a urinary tract infection, there may be serious symptoms, which might indicate an infection. There may be many other symptoms other than this in case of a urinary tract infection but the above-mentioned are the most common for a healthy individual to take note of. Certainly, a urinary tract infection is not at all a disease that you might ignore as any other disease. Neglect ion or no care might make you land up in serious situations.

What You Should Know About Hepatitis

Category : virus

I have yellow fever doctor, said a patient. How do you know you have yellow fever? The doctor asked. The patient reply "Doc, I have fever and my eyes are yellow."
Here in lies the sea of confusion between Yellow fever, Jaundice and Hepatitis. There seems to be a great deal of confusion about the trio of Yellow fever, Jaundice and Hepatitis. To many people, it would seem that fever along with yellow discoloration of the eyes and mucous membranes and skin (technically called Jaundice) must be yellow fever.
However in the science of medicine, there is a great gulf between these diseases. The yellow fever virus causes yellow fever. A wide range of viruses or toxins on the other hand may cause hepatitis. Both diseases cause inflammation of the liver. An inflamed liver is unable efficiently the breakdown of red blood cells. This results in the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood and connective tissues leading to what is called jaundice. The subject of yellow fever is beyond the scope of this article. Suffice it to say that it is a very deadly ailment with high mortality but totally preventable by an affordable yet very effective yellow fever vaccine which is taken once every ten years.
The specific viruses that cause viral hepatitis include Hepatitis A virus (HAV); Hepatitis B virus(HBV); Hepatitis D virus (HDV) delta agent; Hepatitis E virus (HEV) transmitted in epidemic form in Asia, North Africa and Mexico. There are other viruses that have been implicated in causing hepatitis such as Hepatitis G virus (HGV), SEN-V virus and TT virus (TTV).
The HAV causes the sporadic or epidemic causes of hepatitis. The virus is transmitted or spread through contaminated food and water sources which may therefore lead to outbreaks in large population groups. Its spread is therefore favored by overcrowding, poor sanitation and personal hygiene. The incubation period is usually a few days, 30 days on the average. The illness is usually self-limiting with complete recovery within two weeks. Long lasting infection does not occur. Infections may be severe in adults but may occur in children without any symptoms or indeed ill health. Death from hepatitis A is very rare.
Hepatitis B is usually spread through the inoculation of infected blood or blood products or by sexual intercourse. The virus (HBV) may be found in blood, saliva, semen and vagina fluids in infected persons. A mother who is infected is able to transmit the HBV to the child at the time of delivery. The risk of chronic infection in such cases is very high. HBV tends to occur very commonly in homosexual or gay men and intravenous drug users (IVDUs). Certain groups of people are at higher risk of contracting the infection; doctors, nurses, dentists, blood bank staff, patients and staff of haemodialysis centers etc. Sadly, it takes less blood to transmit HBV than HIV which causes AIDS.
From the time of infection, it takes 6 weeks to 6 months (average 12-14 weeks) for the infected person to become clinically ill. Hepatitis B may also present as very severe form of hepatitis called fulminant hepatitis in about 1% of infected persons. In this group, death may occur in as many as 60% of them. In yet another group, the illness may persist as chronic hepatitis B. In this group, the infection persist for years and then the patient go on to develop liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Hepatitis D is a defective virus that is unable to cause hepatitis on its own except in association with HBV. HDV may therefore co-infect a person with HBV or super infected a person with chronic hepatitis. When it occurs concurrently with acute hepatitis or severe chronic hepatitis leading rapidly to cirrhosis.
May be transmitted by blood transfusion, intravenous drug use, sexual contact and from mother to child. Having multiple sexual partners would therefore increase the risk of infection by hepatitis C virus. Incubation period is around 6-7 weeks.
This is a waterborne hepatitis virus. Outbreaks occur in India, Burma, Afghanistan, Algeria and Mexico. The illness is self-limiting with no carrier state. But mortality is usually high in infected in infected pregnant women (up to 10-20%).
This virus has been detected in blood donors, intravenous drug users, haemodialysis patients, haemophiliacs and patients with chronic hepatitis B or C. Hepatitis G does not appear to cause any important liver disease.
The onset of illness may be abrupt or insidious. There is usually a flu-like illness with generalized malaise, fever, muscle aches, joint pains, easy fatigability, sore throat, nasal discharge and loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Frequently there is diarrhea, constipation and aversion to smoking for those that smoke. Then as the fever begins to ebb, jaundice sets in 5-10 days. Chill or chillness may occur. The liver is enlarged and painful to touch. The spleen and lymph node may become enlarged also. The diagnosis as to which type of hepatitis is aided through various laboratory tests.
The treatment of hepatitis includes bed rest where applicable. Diet should consist of palatable meals as identified by the patient. Fluid replacement and multivitamin supplements are adjuncts to the treatment. The drug Alpha Interferon has been used in patients with acute hepatitis C and found to reduce the risk of progression to chronic hepatitis C.
In general, the careful handling of needles and the screening of blood before transfusion are useful ways to prevent hepatitis. Hepatitis A may be prevented by vaccination and the use of immunoglobin in people who are in close contact with patient of HAV infection. Hepatitis B has a very potent and effective vaccine, which gives a lifelong protection and requires only intermittent booster doses. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin may also protect or attenuate the severity of illness, if given within seven days of exposure to the HBV.

Top Extensive Herpes Information Everyone Needs to Know to Guard Themselves

Category : infected

There are a lot of sexually transmitted diseases which look very much like herpes virus like gonorrhea, syphilis and the rest. As a result of this similarity in the symptoms of this particular disease numerous individuals find it hard to distinguish whenever they may be suffering from some of this symptoms. Rather than playing with your well being if you're not really confident, you'll find several approaches a lay man can easily identify the actual disease he or she is carrying. In these particular herpes facts content we are going to rapidly have a glimpse at a couple of of the places anybody can visit obtain guide as well as details about herpes virus.
Among the list of most reliable places to begin your analysis and obtain herpes facts is the web, since the invention of the world wide web a lot of companies and individuals have come up with a number of web sites that will offer info for individuals. The web is info driven and with just a click you can have tons of virtually any kind of information one need regarding anything you can think of. The search engines are a fantastic area to key in the word or phrase of anything you might be looking for. If you need to understand more about herpes virus just use any of the big search engines and you will be ready to go.
Yet another place a person can go to find out much more about this virus-like illness is normally by going to the medical center nearer to you. They are in a much better stance to identify as well as run a test in order to establish the actual cause of one's dilemma. If you've got a private physician you can call on him to offer you some assistance.
Counselors are the other ways of getting herpes facts. These counselors have been properly trained to identify as well as know the symptoms of herpes simplex virus as well as other illnesses. Most people like to go to counselors simply because their situation is going to be very confidential and they would advice them on what to carry out as well as where to start their treatment method from.
The truth is, if you have no practical knowledge about the various sexually transmitted diseases, it may be extremely challenging for you to clearly have an idea about the disorder affecting you.
Here we are proceeding to go through some of the symptoms and places herpes simplex virus affects human being.
This is certainly very catching and is pass on via body contact, kissing and air. Once an individual contracts this kind of condition he or she is likely to suffer from some fever blister, cold sores and occasionally headache.
A few of the popular locations this herpes virus impacts are the mouth area as well as private part of both man and woman. On the other hand, it could affect various other places such as the body, eyes, nasal area, tongue, gum, finger, leg and a lot of more.
This disease can stay inside the human body for numerous year following the initial outbreak.
You will find a few obtainable treatment options that have been of good support to folks coping with herpes. It truly is advisable to check out a health expert to advise you on the very best medicines you'll be able to use to control this virus.
Be mindful that prolong herpes simplex virus frequently lead to brain destruction. I hope you take pleasure in this herpes facts article.

Homeoprophylaxis And Treatment For West Nile Virus

Category : diseases

West Nile Virus is an influenza-like illness that is spread by mosquitoes. Symptoms of West Nile Virus in mild cases resemble flu-like symptoms, including fever, headache and body aches. Some people may also develop a mild rash or swollen lymph glands. For people with more severe illness, symptoms could include the rapid onset of severe headache, high fever, stiff neck, nausea, difficulty swallowing, vomiting, drowsiness, confusion, loss of consciousness, lack of coordination, muscle weakness and paralysis.
The best defense against West Nile is, of course, prevention of mosquito bites. It is little known, though, that some of the best mosquito repellant is natural, non-toxic, and taken orally. This is the homeopathic remedy Staphysagria. When taken orally before going outside, within 30 minutes you won't seem so tasty. Mosquitoes may land, but they will not bite. In the 1960s, Trexler proved Staphysagria to be 90% effective at preventing mosquito bites. Should you be bitten, however, Staphysagria will reduce the severity of the bite and decrease your likelihood of falling ill from West Nile or other mosquito-borne diseases. I recommend it in the 4DH potency to prevent insect bites. In addition to mosquitoes, it will defend against ticks, lice, fleas, wasps, bees, mites, black flies, noseeums, and other biting and stinging insects, as well as reducing pain, itching and other adverse effects.
In confirmed cases of West Nile Virus, there are other homeopathic remedies to consider. For the flu-like symptoms of West Nile (fever, headache and body aches), use Oscilloccinum, repeated every two hours from the onset of symptoms. Eupatorium perfoliatum also helps with body aching in the bones, soreness with restlessness, and headache. For rapid onset of fever and other symptoms, and for feelings of panic or fear, use Aconitum. For stiff neck, drowsiness, weakness, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes, Gelsemium is indicated. For confusion, weakness, dullness, and red face with fever, Baptisia. Lathyrus and Curare are helpful for paralysis in severe cases, but please consult a homeopath in these cases.
Other remedies to consider for insect bites include Urtica urens for burning, itching, and stinging, Grindelia and Cedron for intermittent fevers and rheumatic complaints, and Ledum palustre for puncture wounds and inflammation. Ledum palustre, like Staphysagria, also acts as an oral mosquito repellant.
Homeopathic medicine is, by definition, non-toxic, and does not interact with medications or topical applications. The use of homeopathic remedies to prevent mosquito bites has many advantages. Conventional insect repellants can be smelly, toxic, inconvenient, and hard on the environment.