Category : diseases
The vascular system makes up the body's group of blood vessels which includes arteries, veins, and capillaries that serve as the blood's passageway to and from the heart. It is possible for a person to acquire a certain type of vascular disease. In such case, his arteries harden and become stiff as plaques form within the walls and therefore block the blood flow. Worse, as the plaque develops, this will not only deteriorate the blood vessels but can also result to their rupture and result to internal bleeding.Problems of the vascular system are quite common and can lead to serious conditions. With the fatty deposits limiting the blood flow, the tissues, muscles, or organs needing blood will have an insufficient supply. This will cause them to function improperly and be damaged. More bad news for the individual, such disorder can result to his death as congested vessels can leave his heart or brain with inadequate blood supply.Vascular problems can affect the arteries, veins, and lymph vessels. They can also include blood disorders that involve circulation. Below is a rundown of conditions or diseases of the vascular system.Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)According to World Health Organization (WHO), CVD is the number one cause of deaths globally.
In 2008, this group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels accounted for 30% of deaths worldwide.Here are some of the most common forms of CVDCoronary heart disease - when there is a problem in the vessels carrying blood to the heart's muscle Peripheral arterial disease - the blood vessels going to the arms and legs are the ones affected* Cerebrovascular disease - the vessels delivering blood to the brain are narrowed and blockedSuch occurrences of blockage usually result to heart attacks and stroke specially if the plaque developed on the walls of the vessels serving as passageway for the blood to get to the heart and brain. Similarly, strokes can also be a result of blood clots and internal bleeding in the brain.Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)PAD is also one of the most common problems of the circulatory system.
Likely, it is a type of vascular disease wherein the arteries supplying blood to the limbs become narrowed and therefore unable to deliver ample amount of blood supply to tissues particularly those in the legs. This condition can cause cramps and leg pain. It becomes noticeable when one sees a change in skin color and sores in the legs. The presence of PAD may also mean the presence of atherosclerosis somewhere else in the body.AneurysmStill, another problem of the arteries, aneurysm is the abnormal widening or ballooning of the aortal wall due to plaque build up too. Such disease often occurs in the aorta --- aortic aneurysm. There are two type of AA: thoracic and abdominal.Renal Artery DiseaseThis form of vascular disease occurs in the arteries supplying blood to the kidneys. Fatty and cholesterol deposits narrow the renal arteries and can result to stenoses or obstructions that can result to congestive heart failure and kidney failure. This condition is common among the younger part of the population.